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第十三节 支付参数的签名规则介绍

亮子 2021-08-24 12:20:02 11154 0 0 0

1、官方文档

https://pay.weixin.qq.com/wiki/doc/apiv3/apis/chapter3_5_4.shtml

2、签名计算

1)、构造签名串

签名串一共有四行,每一行为一个参数。行尾以\n(换行符,ASCII编码值为0x0A)结束,包括最后一行。
如果参数本身以\n结束,也需要附加一个\n
  • 参与签名字段及格式:
小程序appId
时间戳
随机字符串
订单详情扩展字符串
  • 数据举例:
wx8888888888888888
1414561699
5K8264ILTKCH16CQ2502SI8ZNMTM67VS
prepay_id=wx201410272009395522657a690389285100

2)、计算签名值

绝大多数编程语言提供的签名函数支持对签名数据 进行签名。强烈建议商户调用该类函数,使用商户私钥对待签名串进行SHA256 with RSA签名,并对签名结果进行Base64编码得到签名值。

下面我们使用命令行演示如何生成签名。

$ echo -n -e \
"wx8888888888888888\n1414561699\n5K8264ILTKCH16CQ2502SI8ZNMTM67VS\nprepay_id=wx201410272009395522657a690389285100\n" \
  | openssl dgst -sha256 -sign apiclient_key.pem \
  | openssl base64 -A
  uOVRnA4qG/MNnYzdQxJanN+zU+lTgIcnU9BxGw5dKjK+VdEUz2FeIoC+D5sB/LN+nGzX3hfZg6r5wT1pl2ZobmIc6p0ldN7J6yDgUzbX8Uk3sD4a4eZVPTBvqNDoUqcYMlZ9uuDdCvNv4TM3c1WzsXUrExwVkI1XO5jCNbgDJ25nkT/c1gIFvqoogl7MdSFGc4W4xZsqCItnqbypR3RuGIlR9h9vlRsy7zJR9PBI83X8alLDIfR1ukt1P7tMnmogZ0cuDY8cZsd8ZlCgLadmvej58SLsIkVxFJ8XyUgx9FmutKSYTmYtWBZ0+tNvfGmbXU7cob8H/4nLBiCwIUFluw==

注意:signType参数不参与签名,但需要传递,默认值为“RSA”,生成的签名需要通过字段paySign传递。

3)、请求示例

wx.requestPayment
(
	{
		"timeStamp": "1414561699",
		"nonceStr": "5K8264ILTKCH16CQ2502SI8ZNMTM67VS",
		"package": "prepay_id=wx201410272009395522657a690389285100",
		"signType": "RSA",
		"paySign": "oR9d8PuhnIc+YZ8cBHFCwfgpaK9gd7vaRvkYD7rthRAZ\/X+QBhcCYL21N7cHCTUxbQ+EAt6Uy+lwSN22f5YZvI45MLko8Pfso0jm46v5hqcVwrk6uddkGuT+Cdvu4WBqDzaDjnNa5UK3GfE1Wfl2gHxIIY5lLdUgWFts17D4WuolLLkiFZV+JSHMvH7eaLdT9N5GBovBwu5yYKUR7skR8Fu+LozcSqQixnlEZUfyE55feLOQTUYzLmR9pNtPbPsu6WVhbNHMS3Ss2+AehHvz+n64GDmXxbX++IOBvm2olHu3PsOUGRwhudhVf7UcGcunXt8cqNjKNqZLhLw4jq\/xDg==",
		"success":function(res){},
		"fail":function(res){},
		"complete":function(res){}
	}
)

3、签名计算代码

import okhttp3.HttpUrl;
import java.security.Signature;
import java.util.Base64;

// Authorization:  
// GET - getToken("GET", httpurl, "")
// POST - getToken("POST", httpurl, json)
String schema = "WECHATPAY2-SHA256-RSA2048";
HttpUrl httpurl = HttpUrl.parse(url);

String getToken(String method, HttpUrl url, String body) {
    String nonceStr = "your nonce string";
    long timestamp = System.currentTimeMillis() / 1000;
    String message = buildMessage(method, url, timestamp, nonceStr, body);
    String signature = sign(message.getBytes("utf-8"));

    return "mchid=\"" + yourMerchantId + "\","
    + "nonce_str=\"" + nonceStr + "\","
    + "timestamp=\"" + timestamp + "\","
    + "serial_no=\"" + yourCertificateSerialNo + "\","
    + "signature=\"" + signature + "\"";
}

String sign(byte[] message) {
    Signature sign = Signature.getInstance("SHA256withRSA");
    sign.initSign(yourPrivateKey);
    sign.update(message);

    return Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(sign.sign());
}

String buildMessage(String method, HttpUrl url, long timestamp, String nonceStr, String body) {
    String canonicalUrl = url.encodedPath();
    if (url.encodedQuery() != null) {
      canonicalUrl += "?" + url.encodedQuery();
    }

    return method + "\n"
        + canonicalUrl + "\n"
        + timestamp + "\n"
        + nonceStr + "\n"
        + body + "\n";
}